Hip Joint replacement services
During hip replacement, a surgeon removes the damaged sections of the hip
joint and replaces them with parts usually constructed of metal and very hard
plastic. This artificial joint (prosthesis) helps reduce pain and improve function.
Also called total hip arthroplasty, hip replacement surgery is indicated if the hip
pain interferes with daily activities and more-conservative treatments haven't
helped. Arthritis damage is the most common reason to need hip replacement
apart from some cases of hip fractures.
Conditions that can damage the hip joint, sometimes necessitating hip
replacement surgery, include:
- Osteoarthritis Commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis,
damages the slick cartilage that covers the ends of bones and helps joints
- Rheumatoid arthritis Caused by an overactive immune system,
arthritis produces a type of inflammation that can erode bone and cartilage
- Osteonecrosis If there is inadequate blood supply to the
ball portion of the hip
joint, the bone may collapse and deform
You might consider hip replacement if you're experiencing hip pain that:
- Persists, despite pain medication
- Worsens with walking, even with a cane or walker
- Interferes with your sleep
- Affects your ability to go up or down stairs
- Makes it difficult to rise from a seated position
A physical therapist may help you with some exercises that you can do in the
hospital and at home to speed recovery.
Activity and exercise must be a regular part of your day to regain the use of your
joint and muscles. Your physical therapist will recommend strengthening and
mobility exercises and will help you learn how to use a walking aid, such as a
walker, a cane or crutches. As therapy progresses, you'll gradually increase the
weight you put on your leg until you're able to walk without assistance.
Home recovery and follow-up care
- Place everyday items at waist level, so you can avoid having to bend down or
- Consider making some modifications to your home, such as getting a raised
About six to eight weeks after surgery, you'll have a follow-up appointment with
your surgeon to make sure your hip is healing properly. If recovery is progressing
well, most people resume their normal activities by this time — even if in a
limited fashion. Further recovery with improving strength will often occur for six
to 12 months.